A "type" is an example, a "shadow," a picture of what will occur in the future. The Apostle Paul put it this way: "Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples (τύπος - examples): and they are written for our admonition (νουθεσία - warning), upon whom the ends of the world (αἰών - age; in this case, the Church Age) are come" (1 Cor. 10:11).
Of all the Old Testament "types," Joseph is, by far, the most typical of Jesus. Larkin mentioned these:
* Joseph was "beloved" of his father; so was Jesus.
* Joseph was God's gift to his brethren; so was Jesus.
* Joseph's brethren rejected him; so did Jesus'.
* Joseph was falsely accused; so was Jesus.
* Joseph was temporarily entombed in a prison; Jesus was temporarily entombed in the grave.
* Joseph was "resurrected" from the prison; Jesus is "the Resurrection."
* Joseph provided bread for the people; Jesus is "the Bread of Life."
* Joseph was married to a Gentile bride; Jesus' bride will be of the Gentiles.
* Joseph knew his brethren on their first visit; Jesus knew His brethren His First Coming.
* Joseph's brethren did not recognize him; Jesus' brethren did not recognize Him.
* Joseph's brethren recognized him on their second visit; Jesus' brethren will recognize Him at His Second Coming.
* Joseph made his brethren citizens of his kingdom; Jesus makes us citizens of His Kingdom.
We read the Old to know what to expect;
We read the New to learn what God expects of us.